Is there a proper work around?

For example, two separate screens or switching to "Graphics Output" via GUI?

I remember your warning, and in fact the refresh is 50 or 60 Hz at text screen 1 (above) and 59.999 / 29.999 (interlaced) at bottom.

The cursor (trail) problem even occurs if i disable screen 1 completely. A custom layout with "side by side", "over under", "Text only" and "Graphics only" options is there.

An assumption made near line 1210 / CCHAR (cursor characteristics) @ Upd7220.cpp makes me confident it is no simple artefact.

For completeness, here the complete bug list included in the driver. Help is very much appreciated.

- GDC diagnostic disk fails on 9 of 13 tests (tests 4 and 6 - 13). 

a. (Rainbow driver) : interaction between DEC's external hardware and the NEC 7220 isn't fully understood (see page 173 of AA-AE36A)
   It is also unclear what port $50 actually does when it 'synchronizes R-M-W cycles' between NEC and DEC hardware.
   For now, we provide sane defaults for both vector and bitmap units without disturbing colors, display mode(s) or the NEC 7220.
b. the HBLANK / VBLANK ratio is plainly wrong (QUICK TEST / subtest #6),
c. IRQs are flagged as 'erratic' (QUICK TEST / subtest #12). 
d. (7220) : incorrect fifo stati are handed out (GDC reports FIFO_EMPTY instead of _FULL when QUICK TEST #4 floods the queue)
e. (7220) : RDAT with MOD 2 used extensively here, but unimplemented (modes other than 0 weren't documented by NEC or INTEL) 

Programs with initialization / redraw / reentrance problems (invocation order after reset matters, at least in emulation):
- CANON (high resolution + vectors), Solitaire (SOLIT.EXE) and GDEMO (from GRPHCS.ARC, interactive graphics interpreter '85),
  plus the Monitor Aligment Test (from the GDC test disk). 

Graphical games that work well: MMIND (MasterMind, after BMP logo), PACMAN, SCRAM, (G)OTELO.

// - Rainbow 100 A palette quirks (2 bit palette... applies to certain modes only)

// 1. READBACK (hard copy programs like JOBSDUMP definitely use it. See also GDC diagnostics).  VRAM_R ?

// 2. UNVERIFIED DIVIDER (31.188 Mhz / 32) is at least close to 1 Mhz (as on the VT240, which uses a very similar design)

// 3. UPD7220 / CORE oddities: 
// 3.1. occasional redraw problems (only when screen 1 runs at 60 Hz and screen 2 at 29.99 Hz interlaced = HIRES ?).
// Quote from Haze: "if you have 2 screens running at different refresh rates one of them won't update properly
//                  (the partial update system gets very confused because it expects both the screens to end at the same time
//                  and if that isn't the case large parts of one screen end up not updating at all)

   3.2 pixels are stretched out too wide at 384 x 240 (not fixable in Rainbow driver, -keepaspect seems to have no effect)

Last edited by Bavarese; 12/05/16 06:22 PM.